#HidungFika – Desember 2016

Kumpulan tulisan fiksi #HidungFika tentang ulasan berita terkini di bulan Desember 2016. Enduslah tulisan ini dengan akal dan humor yang sehat.


“Payung Biru”

Komentar kejadian terkini minggu lalu (5 Desember 2016):

  1. Brigjen Teddy Hernayadi dinyatakan terbuki bersalah dan dijatuhkan vonis seumur hidup oleh Pengadilan Militer Tinggi II atas kasus korupsi di Kementerian Pertahanan. Brigjen Teddy terbukti merugikan negara sebesar USD 12 juta atas penyelewengan dana pembelian pesawat tempur F-16 dan helikopter Apache sejak 2010-2014. Sebagai alternatif alutsista, dikabarkan mulai tahun depan Kementerian Pertahanan menjalin kerjasama dengan negara-negara di Timur Tengah untuk pelatihan pilot permadani terbang.
  2. Forbes telah mengeluarkan daftar nama 50 orang terkaya di Indonesia tahun 2016. Lima orang terkaya di Indonesia adalah Budi & Michael Hartono (BCA), Susilo Wonowidjojo (Gudang Garam), Anthoni Salim (Salim Group), Eka Tjipta Widjaja (Golden Agri-Resources), dan Sri Prakash Lohia (Indorama). Meskipun sudah ada program Tax Amnesty, Menteri Keuangan Sri Mulyani menyayangkan bahwa Mukidi juga belum masuk ke dalam daftar Forbes tersebut.
  3. Setelah sukses menyelenggarakan aksi #SuperDamai212, Gerakan Nasional Pengawal Fatwa (GNPF) MUI yang dimotori oleh Front Pembela Islam (FPI) dikabarkan akan menjadi promotor dan organizer Jakarta Marathon 2017. Ditanya alasannya, perwakilan Kementerian Pariwisata menyatakan, “Ya, karena kami ingin menarik jumlah massa yang besar dan sterilisasi jalan Jakarta yang efektif secara bersamaan”. Ditambahnya, “Alhamdulillah, Bayclin juga sudah sepakat untuk menjadi sponsor utama di tahun depan”.
  4. Revisi UU Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik (ITE) mulai berlaku semenjak 28 November 2016. Salah satu pokok dalam revisi UU ITE adalah pemberlakuan prinsip “right to be forgotten” yakni seseorang boleh mengajukan penghapusan konten atau informasi tidak benar tentang dirinya yang dipublikasikan di masa lalu. Dikabarkan oleh pengamat digital Keenan Pearce, inilah penyebab mengapa film “Terjebak Nostalgia” yang dibintangi Raisa ditunda rilisnya sampai Desember ini.
  5. Desy Ratnasari (muncul kembali dalam headline #HidungFika) dikabarkan telah dikontak oleh perusahaan rekaman Cikeas untuk recycle lagu, “Payung Biru”.

“Olahraga Jantung”

Komentar kejadian terkini minggu lalu (12 Desember 2016)

  1. Setelah Operasi Tangkap Tangan (OTT) Walikota Cimahi dan suaminya yang juga bekas Walikota Cimahi (2002-2012) atas dugaan penerimaan suap, KPK mengingatkan agar lebih berhati-hati dalam memilih calon kepala daerah dari dinasti politik. Melihat fenomena ini, dikabarkan Badan Ekonomi Kreatif sedang negosiasi dengan Fox Broadcasting Company untuk memulai Spin-off dari serial TV “Empire” di Indonesia.
  2. Polisi menemukan bukti transfer pendanaan makar setelah penangkapan 10 orang pada Jumat dini hari sebelum #AksiDamai212 berjalan. Dikabarkan oleh pengamat intelejen, dana Rp. 300 juta yang diduga diterima oleh Rachmawati Soekarnoputri ternyata adalah dana mahar (bukan makar) untuk down payment suatu pernikahan. Seorang wedding organizer mengamati, “Sis, harga segitu di Jakarta sekarang cuman cukup buat katering Sari Roti sama Equil”.
  3. Ormas yang menamakan dirinya Pembela Ahlus Sunnah membubarkan acara Kebaktian Kebangunan Rohani yang tengah berlangsung di Gedung Sabuga ITB, Bandung (6/12/2016), dengan alasan kebaktian harus digelar di gedung gereja, bukan gedung umum. Dikabarkan Dinas Pertamanan dan Pemakaman DKI Jakarta sedang mempelajari proposal untuk pengalihan biaya pemeliharaan lapangan Monas sebagai perpanjangan kompleks Masjid Istiqlal.
  4. Presiden terpilih AS Donald Trump menerima telepon dari Presiden Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen dan mencuitkan hal tersebut di akun Twitter-nya. Hal ini membuat geram Tiongkok karena selama 4 dekade, AS tidak pernah melanggar protokol komunikasi langsung dengan Presiden Taiwan demi menghargai kebijakan “One China Policy”. Dikabarkan Vanness Wu akan diberikan medali kehormatan oleh Taiwan atas keberhasilannya dalam menjalankan diplomasi “Meteor Garden”.
  5. Selanjutnya ke berita olahraga — Timnas Indonesia lolos ke final Piala AFF 2016 setelah menyingkirkan Vietnam dengan skor agregat 4-3, meskipun Vietnam menguasai permainan dengan penguasaan bola 74 persen. Fu Ming, wasit dari laga terakhir tersebut dikabarkan akan direkrut oleh RS Harapan Kita sebagai pelatih terapis jantung.

“Ginkgo Biloba”

Komentar kejadian terkini minggu lalu (19 Desember 2016)

  1. Polri berhasil menggagalkan upaya pengeboman Istana Negara yang akan menggunakan bom panci berisikan Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP) yang dapat meledakkan segala hal dalam radius 300 m. Tiga tersangka teroris telah dibekuk di Bekasi dan salah satunya adalah Dian Yulia Novi, perempuan mantan TKI di Oman yang akan dijadikan “pengantin” atau pelaku bom bunuh diri yang terdoktrin ISIS. Tim Redaksi #HidungFika tidak ingin berkomentar mengenai kejadian ini karena khawatir dipanggil Bareskrim apabila ini dibilang pengalihan isu Ahok sebagaimana dialami Eko Patrio yang dikutip tanpa persetujuan oleh 7 media online.
  2. Untuk isu Ahok sendiri — banyak Netizen yang opininya terpecah mengenai sidang perdana kasus penistaan agama oleh Gubernur Non Aktif DKI Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok). Netizen menyesali bahwa perdebatan lebih disorot kepada air mata Ahok di persidangan dan bukan substansi perkara. Namun dikabarkan lebih banyak Netizen yang menyesal dan berderai air mata setelah menyadari realitanya tidak akan ada abang ojek yang seganteng Hamish Daud Wyllie.
  3. Pegawai MA, Dora (nama sebenarnya) menjadi perhatian setelah videonya memukul, mencakar, dan menarik baju Polantas Aiptu Sutisna viral di sosial media. Dikabarkan sejumlah pengamat transportasi menyatakan akhirnya kampanye menggolkan proyek tilang elektronik, “Berhasil! Berhasil! Berhasil! Hore!”.
  4. Dikabarkan setelah laga final sepakbola AFF 2016 antara Indonesia melawan Thailand, sejumlah musisi Indonesia mengakui Timnas adalah sumber inspirasi lagu-lagu patah hati. Ini dikarenakan alur ceritanya yang konsisten, “ketika aku mencintaimu setengah mati, selalu saja menjadi yang kedua”.
  5. Kemudian untuk berita luar negeri — pasukan pro-rezim Presiden Bashar al-Assad di Suriah kembali menyerang Aleppo timur, kawasan dimana pasukan pro-pemberontak masih bertahan. Selain menggalang dana untuk bantuan kemanusiaan di Aleppo, dikabarkan sejumlah aktivis juga menggalang pengedaran Ginkgo Biloba di markas PBB untuk mengingatkan mengenai apa yang terjadi di Bosnia dan Rwanda.

“Om, Telat Om”

Komentar kejadian terkini minggu lalu (26 Desember 2016):

  1. Tim redaksi #HidungFika turut berduka cita atas jatuhnya pesawat Hercules C130 HA-1334 milik TNI AU di Wamena, yang menewaskan 12 awak dan 1 penumpang. Ini menambah daftar kecelakaan udara di tahun 2016, yakni Skytruck M28 P-4201 milik Polri (jatuh di Pangkalpinang), Helikopter Bell 412 EP HA-5166 milik TNI AD (jatuh di Malinau), Helikopter Bell 205 HA-5073 milik TNI AU (jatuh di Yogyakarta), Helikopter Bell 412 EP HA-5171 milik TNI AD (jatuh di Poso), dan Pesawat Super Tucano TNI AU (jatuh di Malang). Kami mendoakan agar sayap malaikat merupakan alat penerbangan yang lebih diandalkan daripada sistem alutsista Indonesia.
  2. Dikabarkan grup musik asal Skotlandia, Franz Ferdinand, akan mengganti namanya menjadi Andrei Karlov. Hal ini dikabarkan setelah kejadian Dubes Rusia untuk Turki tewas ditembak oleh seorang Polisi Turki di sebuah galeri seni di Ankara, beberapa hari sebelum pertemuan antar Menlu Turki, Rusia, dan Iran untuk membahas proses perdamaian di Suriah.
  3. Kementerian Kehutanan dan Lingkungan Hidup dikabarkan sedang melakukan investigasi terhadap kasus deforestasi tinggi hutan cemara secara mendadak milik Perum Perhutani. Menurut sumber kurang terpercaya, dikabarkan ini akibat dari sweeping dan pemaknaan berlebihan terhadap fatwa MUI yang melarang penggunaan atribut Natal.
  4. Bank Indonesia mengeluarkan mata uang Rupiah dengan desain dan warna baru. Dengan adanya kontroversi seputar pemilihan pahlawan yang ditampilkan di mata uang baru, tidak berjilbabnya Cut Meutia, logo BI yang mirip palu arit, dan indikasi kemiripan dengan Yuan, maka pengamat ekonom aliran klasik mengusulkan agar Indonesia kembali ke sistem barter. “Ya, baiknya kembali ke masa dimana rempah-rempah ditukar dengan kemerdekaan kita”, ujarnya.
  5. Kementerian Kesehatan bersama Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak dikabarkan telah meluncurkan kampanye kesehatan reproduksi bertepatan dengan Hari Ibu tanggal 22 Desember 2016. Dikabarkan tagline baru mereka adalah, “Om, Telat Om”.

Sekian recap berita bulan lalu dari #HidungFika; enduslah tulisan ini dengan akal dan humor yang sehat.

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Research Paper on MUI – The Unsuccessful Bureaucratization of Islam in Indonesia

During my graduate studies I took an independent study module on Political Islam and Governance. My paper was titled “Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI): The Unsuccessful Bureaucratization of Islam in Indonesia”.

In my paper, I argued that the Majelis Ulama Indonesia (Indonesian Council of Ulama – MUI) illustrates the case of an unsuccessful effort to bureaucratize Islam under the state. The bureaucratization effort was unsuccessful because the establishment of the quasi-official MUI has been the endeavor of Soeharto particularly to use the ulama to legitimize his New Order regime and its government policies, but MUI during the New Order period has never been really controlled by the state and after 1998 it has become more independent in its stance. To a certain extent, MUI in its recent development has also become a player to reckon with in regard to the Islamization of the state.

My argument would firstly be based on the understanding of the bureaucratization of Islam and why this was the necessary approach taken by the government in the early phase of post-independence. Based on the writing of other scholars who have closely examined the fatwas and tausiyahs issued by MUI, I then demonstrate how MUI has gradually distanced itself away from the state and have made efforts to appease the ummah (community of believers). Last but not least, I will explain why MUI serves as the venue for contestation in the future trajectory of political Islam in Indonesia, as it shapes the agenda of the state instead of the other way around.

You can download the paper here. Since this paper was done in 2012, it has not been updated to reflect the current developments, but in the purpose of policy research and constructive engagement, I am open for feedback and discussion.

Men in White

©2014 merdeka.com/arie basuki
©2014 merdeka.com/arie basuki

Indonesia is a country of symbolism. Stemming from the Javanese culture, which comprises a majority of the population, every ritual and events will be embedded with subtle messages in the form of symbols and gestures which is not explicitly stated or written – or in some cases, it is used to accentuate what has already been stated or written. Those who can master these symbolisms will surely be able to send the right messages to the right people, win hearts, and even win elections.

President Jokowi, a Javanese man himself, is someone who understands and knows how to play these symbolisms.

The cabinet announcement last week, was held on the lawn of the Presidential Palace. His ministers, was donned in white shirts and black pants like the trademark attire of the President himself. When introduced, each of them was asked to run to the President. Hence, the “Working Cabinet” or Kabinet Kerja, was symbolised as the President’s men and women, who follows the same instruction of the President. They are ready to work, starting with a clean slate, different from the past regimes.

At least this is what they would like to portray.

The earlier canceled cabinet announcement was supposed to be held in Tanjung Priok, arguably Indonesia’s busiest port, and working helmets was prepared for each of the ministers. Tanjung Priok would have been a good show of priority for Indonesia’s maritime revival, similar to President Jokowi’s first speech after the presidential election announcement in the old harbor of Sunda Kelapa. Perhaps it is good that the Tanjung Priok plan did not materialise, because some were already quick to critique whether President Jokowi is someone who prefers “being with the people” instead of someone who can work efficiently from the palace.

As far as intended symbolism goes, there are others who can read between the unintended symbolisms as well. For example, why is Puan Maharani, daughter of PDIP Matriarch Megawati Soekarnoputri did not run towards President Jokowi when introduced as the Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture, and instead used a golf cart when other ministers walked in the palace.

Symbolisms may also be used to tone down the realities on the ground.

Despite the focus on the maritime sector, the newly created post Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs needs a lot of hard work since the institution is practically still Indroyono Soesilo as an individual. There are no staff, no budget, and no programs to manage yet, although thankfully BPPT is quick to lend an office for his daily work.

In the other ministerial posts, we also need to observe how the massive institutional shifts and mergers will play out:

  • The Directorate General for Higher Education under the Ministry of Education will now be merged with the Ministry of Research and Technology
  • Ministry of Public Housing will now be merged with Ministry of Public Works
  • The Directorate General of Spatial Plan under the Ministry of Public Works will now be merged with The National Land Agency – supposedly to have regulatory powers when transformed as the Agrarian Ministry
  • The Ministry of Forestry will now be merged with Ministry of Environment

The latter is even more worrisome, as environmentalists were quick to point that the two ministries have different paradigms as one is for exploitation, and one is for protection. When combined with spatial planning powers, conversion of natural forests into palm oil plantations or mining concessions will be expedited without proper checks and balances. One could have faith if the strategic ministerial posts were given to professionals, but we should be wary since these two posts are given to the Nasdem Party. One should also be even more cautious when the downstream and trade sector have the risks to be captured by corporate interests that will benefit from such arrangement.

There is a risk that in the early days of the government, ministries will be busy doing internal reorganisation work instead of strategically thinking about what they want to do in terms of policies and programs. Not to mention that there is a risk of delay since the apparatus of the parliament is not yet ready to discuss budgeting and program planning due to the recent DPR leadership crisis. The media is also not helping by highlighting the idiosyncrasies of the newly-appointed ministers rather than scrutinising on what they think the government should and can do.

Symbolisms may be useful, but despite all the media spins, tattoos-and-whatnot, what is more important is the actual performance of these ministers. After all, white is a colour that can easily get tainted.

New Australia-US Base and Indonesia

Last week US President Barrack Obama and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard unveiled the plan of establishing a US base equipped with 2,500 US marines in Darwin, Australia’s Northern Territory, only 820 kilometers from Indonesian territory. The Jakarta Post reported that the new US base should not be a threat to Indonesia, as President Yudhoyono was reassured by Gillard that “Australia and the US meant no harm in their plan to build military base in Darwin.”

International Law Professor Hikmahanto Juwana was quick to analyze that US interests may change from time-to-time, thus he warned that Indonesia should nevertheless be cautious about the US military presence in Australia. A part of that cautiousness was also attributed to whether the US would intervene among the rising tensions in the Papua region of Indonesia. Although during the recent visit, US Defense Secretary Leon Panettavoiced support for Indonesia’s strong stance against the Papua separatist movement.

The US and Australia have always been strong allies since a very long time, and as Michael Wesley from Lowy Institute have mentioned in an AlJazeera interview:

Australians tend to think with the American alliance as an insurance policy. We’re paying our premiums, we go to Afghanistan, we go to Iraq, and we just hope that the insurance premium will come when we’re in trouble.

And this is not a reason for Indonesia to be cautious with either Australia or the US?

One possibility of why Obama paved the way for the military base in Australia was to have a strategic position in the region especially to counter China’s influence. China was also quick to react to the plan, saying that “one should consider other regional countries’ interests when developing ties in that region”. Indeed, Stephen Walt from Foreign Policy explained why the US have been shifting a lot of strategic attention to Asia and mostly it is to contain China’s growing powers.

A friend once joked that when two elephants fight, the grass suffers. But when two elephants make love, the grass suffers also. It is too early to tell what Indonesia can get out of this positioning, but surely we need to figure out how to make the best out of the situation.